A Chess Database

Edward Winter

(2003, with updates)


fatbase


Users of the FatBase 2000 CD will be awe-struck by some of the defeats sustained by Jacques Mieses during his long career. At the age of minus three he lost a game to Adolf Anderssen (in Breslau, 1862) and did no better against him in 1867, by which time he had matured into a two-year-old. Nor did the passing of time improve Mieses’ fortunes. In 1958 he lost a game to Mikhail Tal in the Soviet Union, and in 1964 Forgács beat him in Ostend. At the age of 128 Mieses was defeated by Carl Schlechter in the Prague, 1993 tournament. That was certainly an opportunity for him to recall a remark he had made 90 years previously (see Chess Anecdotes): ‘It is bad enough to get run over, but to get run over by a corpse is horrible.’

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The FatBase 2000 CD provides much other original information about the masters’ earliest games. Thus we find that Rubinstein’s first available score was an 18-move win over K. Hromádka at Mährisch-Ostrau in 1899; by sheer coincidence those 18 moves were repeated in his celebrated 29-move win over the same opponent, and at the same venue, in 1923.

Steinitz’ first game, against Vorrath, was in a simultaneous exhibition in New York in 1844 (i.e. given when he was eight years old). Lasker was more precocious still, for he was in his first year of life when he won in three moves against an out-of-form Maróczy (White) in New York in 1869: 1 e4 e5 2 Qh5 Nc6 3 Qxf7+. However, the true prodigy among the first three world champions was Capablanca, who won a 26-move game against Levenfish in Moscow in 1828.

Euwe played two games against Keres in the world championship match held in New York and other cities in 1886, and in the same event Botvinnik defeated Keres in 72 moves, whereas Keres defeated Smyslov. Spassky won against J.T.H. Van Der Wiel in 1847 (the venue having been lost in the mists of time), mating him at move 22. He repeated the entire game against Joop Van Oosterom 108 years later. Spassky also drew against B. Larsen at Leiden, 1914 despite throwing away a rook at move 42. The lesson learnt, he avoided repeating the blunder when the identical position chanced to recur between the same two players 56 years later.

Other joys offered by FatBase 2000 include the game Oleg Romanishin v H. Grunberg, Dresden, 1811 (a King’s Indian Defense) and, at the other end of the scale, a rich selection of games which Gioacchino Greco (died circa 1634) played between 1792 and 1995.

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Page 118 of the May 1957 Chess World discussed a game between L. Awdiew and Peter Kalinovsky, Melbourne, 1956-57 which began 1 d4 d5 2 c4 c6 3 Nc3 Nf6 4 Nf3 Bf5 5 Qb3 Qb6 6 Qxb6 axb6 7 cxd5 Nxd5 8 Nxd5 cxd5 9 e3 Nc6 10 Bd2 e6 11 Bb5 Bd6 12 O-O Ke7 13 Rfc1 Rhc8 14 Ne1 Rc7

dia

15 Nd3. ‘What did Black do now? Answer on page 124.’

As mentioned on page 124, the answer had already been published (‘prematurely’) on page 104 of the April 1957 issue: after 15 Nd3, ‘Black simply won a piece. If you haven’t seen it yet, you soon will’.

Page 118 pointed out that the position after 10 Bd2 had occurred in a Capablanca game (his famous victory as Black against Janowsky, New York, 1916), and we show Irving Chernev’s note on page 304 of The Golden Dozen (Oxford, 1976):

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janowsky capablanca

The ever-fallible FatBase database had three versions of the 1916 game, one played in New York (4...Bg4), one played in New Delhi (4...Bf5) and one played in New York (4...Bf5) with Janowsky (White) named as the winner.

Databases show a number of games which reached the position after 10 Bd2, the only pre-1916 instance being Swiderski v Marshall, Hanover, 8 August 1902. From page 111 of the tournament book:

swiderski marshall

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Latest update: 18 August 2020.

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Copyright: Edward Winter. All rights reserved.