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Salo Landau – N.N.
1 Nf3 Nf6 2 b3 Nc6 3 Nc3 e5 4 e4 Bb4 5 Nd5 Nxe4 6 Qe2 f5 7 Nxb4 Nxb4 8 d3 Nf6 9 Qxe5+ Kf7 10 Ng5+ Kg6 11 Qg3 Nh5 12 Qh4 h6 13 Nf3 Nxc2+ 14 Kd1 Nxa1
15 Qxh5+ Kxh5 16 Ne5 g5 17 Be2+ g4 18 h3 Qh4 19 hxg4+ fxg4 20 Bxg4 mate.
Source: page 74 of Combinaties uit de Schaakpartij by Lodewijk Prins (The Hague, 1935):
The opening words of the chapter on Euwe on page 199 of The Great Chess Masters and Their Games by Fred Reinfeld (New York, 1952):
Fine’s observation, made slightly later than Reinfeld indicated, is given below, from page 200 of the November 1941 Chess Review:
Source: Aljechin-Euwe by Guus Betlem Jr (Helmond, 1936)
‘He was described as “a man-eating tiger”’, commented page 34 of the February 1982 BCM at the start of ‘Dr Max Euwe (1901-1981) In Memoriam’, without any details being furnished. On page 73 of Max Euwe (Alkmaar, 2001) Alexander Münninghoff provided a ‘once’ version:
The phrase had been quoted by Lodewijk Prins on page 166 of Master Chess (London, 1950):
In item 147 in ‘unit two’ of Napier’s Amenities and Background of Chess-Play (New York, 1934) W.E. Napier wrote:
Napier then gave the eighth match-game between Euwe and Alekhine (The Hague, 1927, in fact), chopping off the last ten moves by putting ‘32 P-R6 Resigns’.
When the game, still shortened and still misdated, appeared on pages 251-252 of the single-volume edition of Napier’s book, Paul Morphy and The Golden Age of Chess (New York, 1957 and 1971), the introductory text was also curtailed, maladroitly:
Christian Sánchez (Rosario, Argentina) draws attention to a subset of Familysearch.com which comprises Brazilian immigration cards covering the period 1900-65:
An oddity in the on-line Oxford English Dictionary (registration is required to consult it) is that the entries for ‘sacrifice’, as a noun and a verb in the chess sense, have nine citations without any attempt to quote early examples. The oldest both date from 1915 (pages 25 and 224 of Chess Strategy by Ed. Lasker, translated by J. du Mont), whereas from Google Books it is immediately clear that the term had been in use centuries earlier.
Which was the first chess book to contain the word?
From Stephen Wright (Vancouver, Canada):
Is there unanimity today among administrators and officials on the procedure applicable if a player announces mate during a game (and, additionally, in case of an incorrect announcement)? Information will also be welcomed on the most recent games to contain mate announcements. Have there been many significant specimens since Marshall v Bogoljubow, New York, 1924, in which White announced mate in five moves at move 38?
A cutting from page 1 of an untitled scrapbook produced by Dale Brandreth:
The Factfinder refers to a number of older examples of announced mates, and one case of an announced stalemate.
An overview of the Fischer v Matulović match (Belgrade, 1958) is provided in Fischer Mysteries. José Miguel Barrueco Martín (Zamora, Spain) now points out a brief item by Matulović on page 17 of the July 1987 issue of Gens una sumus:
This is the only known game from the match, but it is notable that Matulović does not call it the first of the four.
The haphazard dissemination of quotes is illustrated by a famous Tarrasch remark:
Some brief observations:
Chess and Computers has a remark concerning Smyslov from page 118 of the April 1963 BCM:
Stuart Rachels (Tuscaloosa, AL, USA) compares this with a comment of Smyslov’s, dated 30 April 2004, which is quoted on page 122 of The World Champions I Knew by Genna Sosonko (Alkmaar, 2013):
Page 152 of the August 1892 American Chess Monthly:
The solution was on page 268 of the December 1892 issue:
From Geurt Gijssen (Nijmegen, the Netherlands):
That comes from page 89 of My Chess (Milford, 2013), Hans Ree’s latest collection of superior nattering, but it is unclear why Fine’s name has been introduced. As regards the attribution to Napier (C.N. 8326), the following appeared on page 11 of Euwe’s Meet the Masters (London, 1940):
Page v of the Preface implies that this section was written by L. Prins and B.H. Wood.
Also from page 11 of Meet the Masters
(immediately after the tiger quote):
‘Alekhine contributed a far more searching analysis of his [Euwe’s] style in an article in the Manchester Guardian soon after the conclusion of the last world’s championship match.’
That article (Manchester Guardian, 28 December 1937, pages 11-12) is given, together with others by Alekhine and Euwe in the same newspaper, in our latest feature article, Euwe and Alekhine on their 1937 Match.
Denis Teyssou (Paris) informs us that he has been authorized to post on his website documents relating to Alekhine’s application for French citizenship in the 1920s.
This position arose after 33 Qg3 in Nimzowitsch v Weenink, Liège, 24 August 1930. The Dutchman played 33...Qd4, and the game was agreed drawn two moves later.
It was subsequently indicated that 33...Qxf2+ would have
won. From page 222 of H.G.M. Weenink by M. Euwe,
M. Niemeyer, A. Rueb and B.J. van Trotsenburg (Amsterdam
and Haarlem, 1932):
Part of the subsequent analysis was disputed by Albert Becker on page 32 of the Lachaga volume on Liège, 1930 (Martínez, 1976):
Nimzowitsch’s annotations in Denken und Raten – reproduced on pages 162-164 of Aaron Nimzowitsch 1928-1935 by Rudolf Reinhardt (Berlin, 2010) – shed no analytical light on the finish. Nor did he mention an alleged episode at the end of the game which brings us, not before time, to the title of the present item. A woman at Liège, 1930 kept fainting and distracted Weenink into offering a draw against Nimzowitsch in a won position.
From page 147 of the September-October 1930 American Chess Bulletin:
Olimpiu G. Urcan (Singapore) has located the report in Horace Ransom Bigelow’s column (‘The Chessboard’) on page 8 of the New York Evening Post, 27 September 1930. He has also found a follow-up (re-hash) item on page 8 of the newspaper’s 15 November 1930 edition:
Henri Gerard Marie Weenink (Alt om Skak by B. Nielsen (Odense, 1943), page 471)
The conclusion was 1...Rb2 2 Rd1 Qa8 3 Qe4 Rb8 4 Rb1 c2 5 Rxb8+ Qxb8 6 a7 Qc8 7 a8(Q) c1(Q) 8 Qe8+ and mate next move.
The full game-score remains elusive, but Olimpiu G. Urcan has found the following on page 7 of the 8 May 1904 edition of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle:
Further to the final paragraph of C.N. 8303, it is not easy to find the term ‘Magnus Smith trap’ in books, whereas it is frequently seen on webpages. Below is an entry on page 176 of An illustrated Dictionary of Chess by Edward R. Brace (London, 1977):
Douglas A. Betts’ Annotated Bibliography lists two chess works by Walter Pulitzer: his collection of problems, Chess Harmonies (New York, 1894), and That Duel at the Château Marsanac (New York and London, 1899).
The latter is a novelette about Eleanor Marsanac, who is being courted by Baron Plexus and Count Ferdinand von Stein. The noble inamoratos play a game of chess to determine who will have her hand, and the narrative is given a brief fillip when drugged coffee is served during the playing session.
Few details regarding the game between the Baron and Count are given. From page 90:
Of the three illustrations two feature chess and, courtesy of the Cleveland Public Library, they are shown here:
From Robert John McCrary (Columbia, SC, USA):
This sketch purportedly of Wilhelm Steinitz comes from page 110 of Schach – mehr als ein Spiel by Herbert R. Grätz (Leipzig, 1964). Is it based on a nineteenth-century picture?
C.N. 5394 quoted from two books in which Reuben Fine affirmed that during his game against Euwe at Nottingham, 1936 he received move suggestions from Alekhine and Capablanca, both of whom were anxious to see Euwe do badly.
With all due mistrust we quote now from pages 244-245 of Impact of Genius by R.E. Fauber (Seattle, 1992):
Stephen Wright (Vancouver, Canada) forwards this photograph which he possesses:
The officials include Marcel Berman, Nathan Divinsky, Harry Golombek, John Prentice, Folke Rogard and Alexander Rueb. We hope to build up, with readers’ assistance, a full key.
From page 35 of the December 1940 CHESS:
Publication of that game prompted the following:
From page 15 of the Sunday Times, 16 February 1908 (Louis van Vliet’s chess column):
Less than two months later Bird died. Funds raised for him at the beginning of the century had eased his last years. The financial appeal had attracted international attention; see, for instance, page 4 of the January 1901 Checkmate and page 158 of the May 1901 Deutsche Schachzeitung. Further details were given on pages 13-14 of the January 1917 BCM.
Page 29 of the hardback edition (1977) of Harry Golombek’s Encyclopedia of Chess illustrated the Bird entry with a picture of Buckle:
The book gave Bird’s year of birth as 1830, the date commonly (unquestioningly) accepted until publication of Eminent Victorian Chess Players by Tim Harding (Jefferson, 2012). Based on detailed research, it reported on page 108 (see too page 364) that Bird was born in Portsea, Hampshire on 14 July 1829 and was baptized on 7 August 1829 (as well as on 28 December 1838).
Which master, then aged over 40, was described by B.H. Wood as ‘a naughty boy’?
From pages 88-89 of the Westminster Papers, 1 September 1874:
In this position Alekhine played 20...Kh8 (‘!!’) and wrote:
He annotated the full game on page 122 of CHESS, May 1941:
On page 161 of the August 1941 issue Carl Weberg disputed Alekhine’s note, giving the line 21 Bxe6 Rb8 22 Qxb8 Rxb8 23 Rxd7 Qc5 24 Re5 Qc6 25 Rxe7:
For a discrepancy over the finish (as from move 21) see pages 656-657 of the Skinner/Verhoeven book on Alekhine. Moreover, we have noted the game-score given incorrectly in a database (... Rfd8 instead of ...Rad8 at move 17).
Readers are invited to send in games, preferably unpublished, from simultaneous exhibitions in which they have been involved. For that purpose, and for submitting game-scores in general, a form is now available.
Steve Wrinn (Homer, NY, USA) recalls the report in the Bled, 1931 tournament book by Hans Kmoch that Bogoljubow announced a non-existent mate in two against Asztalos:
Bogoljubow overlooked that after 51 g6+ Kh6 there could occur 52 Qh8+ Kg5 or 52 Qh4+ Qh5.
From pages 110-111 of Kmoch’s tournament book, published in 1934:
The relevant text is on page 121 of Bled 1931 International Chess Tournament translated by Jimmy Adams (Yorklyn, 1987).
Mr Wrinn also mentions that the English edition includes
an article by Salo Flohr, translated from a 1976 issue of
64, which refers to the announced mate (on pages
xi-xii). See too page 29 of the March 2003 CHESS,
in which issue the full Flohr article was reprinted.
From page 288 of the July 1900 BCM:
Wanted: more information about this game between Hammond and ‘McKenzie’.
1 e4 e5 2 f4 exf4 3 Nf3 g5 4 Bc4 Bg7 5 O-O d6 6 d4 h6 7 c3 Ne7 8 g3 g4 9 Nh4 f3
10 Nd2 c6 11 Ndxf3 gxf3 12 Qxf3 Rg8 13 Qxf7+ Kd7 14 Ng6 Bxd4+ 15 cxd4 Rxg6 16 e5 d5 17 Bd3 Rg8 18 Rf6 Kc7 19 Rxh6 Rf8 20 Qg7 Kb6 21 Bg5 Qe8
22 Bxe7 Rf7 23 Qxf7 Qxf7 24 Bd8+ and wins.
Below is the relevant Cheltenham Examiner item on page 243 of the June 1900 BCM:
Paul Keres – Andor Lilienthal
1 e4 e5 2 f4 d5 3 exd5 e4 4 d3 exd3 5 Bxd3 Nf6 6 Nc3 Be7 7 Nf3 O-O 8 O-O Nbd7 9 Bc4 Nb6 10 Bb3 a5
11 a4 Bc5+ 12 Kh1 Bf5 13 Ne5 Bb4 14 g4 Bc8 15 Be3 Nbd7 16 g5 Bxc3
17 bxc3 Ne4
18 d6 Nxe5 19 fxe5 Resigns.
The present item will focus on the concluding moves, but a word first about the opening. Some databases give the move order as 4 Nc3 Nf6 5 d3 exd3 6 Bxd3 Be7; seldom can a database be consulted for an old game without an error or discrepancy of some kind being found.
The annotator of a miniature may be tempted to view matters (or, at least, pretend to) as a plain lesson in crime and punishment, the loser being doomed almost from the start and the winner’s play being presented as irreproachable. In Keres v Lilienthal, after 15...Nbd7 Reuben Fine commented:
And after 16...Bxc3:
Following 17 bxc3 Ne4 Fine gave 18 d6 two exclamation marks and wrote:
Black’s reply, 18...Nxe5, was labelled ‘desperation’ since 18...Nxd6 allowed an ‘elegant’ mating variation.
Page 82 of Chess Marches On! by Reuben Fine (New York, 1945)
A similar story of inexorable comeuppance was told by Fred Reinfeld. At move 15: ‘Black’s helplessness is touching.’ At move 16 an alternative was rejected because in that case ‘Black has no reasonable continuation’. And, as in the Fine book, two exclamation marks for 18 d6.
Page 225 of Keres’ Best Games of Chess, 1931-1948 by Fred Reinfeld (New York, 1949)
Strange to relate, in 1941 the notes to Keres v Lilienthal were less eulogistic of White’s play at various points. Below is the game’s appearance on pages 96-97 of the tournament book, 6 notables maestros by S. Belawenetz and M. Judowitsch (Buenos Aires, 1941):
Moreover, Keres himself was critical of his play in two
publications in 1941. The first was in a letter dated 9
May 1941 to B.H. Wood given on page 178 of the September
1941 CHESS. It will be seen that he even appended
a question mark to 18 d6:
Keres annotated the game in detail on pages 207-208 of the November 1941 Chess Review, criticizing his play and stating that at move 18 ‘Lilienthal missed an excellent chance for salvation’:
Finally, below are Botvinnik’s annotations in the English edition of his book on the tournament, on pages 179-180 of Championship Chess (London, 1950):
A photograph taken during the Leningrad part of tournament was published on page 206 of the November 1941 Chess Review:
C.N. 7988 showed Max Blau astride a camel. Below is another master, but who?
C.N.s 5187 and 5197 gave the above photograph, taken from Aljechin-Euwe by Guus Betlem Jr (Helmond, 1936), and in the latter item Peter de Jong (De Meern, the Netherlands) suggested persuasively that the figure standing between Réti and Euwe was Willem Schelfhout.
Mr de Jong now forwards another picture, from page 4 of De Telegraaf (morning edition), 12 July 1923:
The setting and furniture being similar, our correspondent concludes that the Réti v Euwe picture was also taken during the Mährisch-Ostrau, 1923 tournament.
At the end of a brief review of Caïssas Weltreich by Max Euwe and Bob Spaak (Berlin-Frohnau, 1956) Harry Golombek wrote on page 63 of the March 1957 BCM that the book ...
The picture was shown on page 94 of Chess Facts and Fables. On the same theme, the shot below comes from page 375 of Schach Express/Chess Express, October 1970, in a report on the Siegen Olympiad:
Eduardo Bauzá Mercére (New York, NY, USA) and John Blackstone (Las Vegas, NV, USA) report that the Hammond v Mackenzie game was published by the latter on page 75 of Turf, Field and Farm, 2 February 1877:
Mr Bauzá Mercére adds that the King’s Gambit miniature was the third game in the series and was played on 18 January 1877, according to the St Louis Globe-Democrat, 4 February 1877.
Eduardo Bauzá Mercére has also submitted a report by Hermann Helms on page 35 of the New York Sun, 21 September 1940:
Emanuel Lasker – Walter Murdock
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 O-O Nxe4 6 d4 b5 7 Bb3 d5 8 dxe5 Be6 9 c3 Be7 10 Nbd2 Nc5 11 Bc2 O-O 12 Nb3 Nd7 13 Re1 Qc8 14 Nbd4 Nxd4 15 cxd4 c5 16 dxc5 Nxc5 17 h3 Bf5 18 Bg5 Bxg5 19 Nxg5 h6 20 Nf3 Bxc2 21 Qxc2 Ne6 22 Qd2 d4 23 Rac1 Qb7 24 Rc2 Rac8 25 Rec1 Rxc2 26 Rxc2 Rd8 27 Rc1 Qe4 28 Re1 Qd5 29 a3 Rc8 30 Rc1 Rc4 31 Kf1 Nc5 32 Rd1 Nb3 33 Qd3 Rc7 34 Ke1 Rd7 35 Kf1 a5 36 Re1 a4 37 Kg1 Rc7 38 Rd1 Rc1 39 Rxc1 Nxc1 40 Qc2 Nb3 41 Qd3 Kf8
42 h4 g6 43 h5 Qc4 44 Qe4 d3 45 Qa8+ Kg7 46 hxg6 Qc1+ 47 Kh2 Qf4+ 48 Kg1 d2 49 Qd8 Kxg6 50 e6
50...Qd4 51 Qg8+ Qg7 52 Qxg7+ Kxg7 53 Nxd2 fxe6 54 Nxb3 axb3 55 Kf1 Kf6 56 Ke2 Kf5 57 Kd3 e5 58 Kc3 Ke4 59 Kxb3 Kd3 60 Kb4 e4 61 Kc5 Ke2 62 Kd4 Kxf2 63 Kxe4 Kxg2 64 Kf4 h5 65 Kg5 Drawn.
That remark is often quoted with inaccurate and incomplete information. For example, the following comes from page 1 of Chess to Enjoy by A. Soltis (New York, 1978):
Churlish as it may seem to pass strictures upon Soltis when he gives a source of sorts, no date is attached to the New York Clipper, and the reference to Pillsbury in March 1906 is wrong. As shown in Pillsbury’s Torment, the master’s hospitalization in Philadelphia was in 1905.
From page 237 of Treasure Chess by B. Pandolfini (New York, 2007):
‘New York Morning Telegraph (late 1800s)’ may not be much of a source, but by Pandolfini’s standards it is chapter and verse. At first glance, moreover, it seems to improve, however vaguely, on what was on page 7 of Chess Quotations from the Masters by Henry Hunvald (Mount Vernon, 1972):
The text appeared on page 4 of the New York Sunday Telegraph, 2 April 1905:
The article/editorial was quoted on pages 267-268 of Lasker’s Chess Magazine, April 1905, and the final part was reproduced by Eliot Hearst on page 255 of the September 1961 Chess Life. Both provided the exact date of the newspaper, identifying it by its more general title, the New York Morning Telegraph.
Wanted: early examples of announced mates, as well as information on how the practice began and developed.
From page 264 of the June 1932 BCM:
C.N. 6191 showed two portraits of Alekhine by Man Ray. Now, Jeremy Silman (Los Angeles, CA, USA) draws attention to a third photograph, apparently from the same time. The website dates it circa 1925, which seems to us less likely than the ‘circa 1928’ in the book mentioned in our earlier item, Man Ray’s Paris Portraits: 1921-39 by Timothy Baum (Washington, 1989).
From B.H. Wood’s column in the Illustrated London News, 30 March 1963, page 482:
And from Wood’s column on page 114 of the 28 May 1977 issue:
Is anything further known about the views attributed to Bronstein and Flohr?
Page 190 of the November 1924 American Chess Bulletin:
The earlier remarks by Capablanca can be found on pages 126-127 of our monograph on him.
From Michael Clapham (Ipswich, England):
Rod Edwards (Victoria, BC, Canada) writes:
C.N. 2253 (see page 371 of A Chess Omnibus) quoted from page ix of Brevity and Brilliancy in Chess by Miron J. Hazeltine (New York, 1866):
George Walker did indeed dislike the French Defence. The following comes from pages 125-126 of his book The Art of Chess-Play: A New Treatise on the Game of Chess (London, 1846):
In Walker’s column in Bell’s Life in London the word ‘sneak’ was often used, though with reference to a variety of openings (including the Sicilian Defence) in which Black avoided an open game:
From page 23 of Schach Express/Chess Express, February 1970:
Concerning Agatha Christie and Chess, Mike Salter (Sydney, Australia) quotes from page 219 of Sinister Gambits edited by Richard Peyton (London, 1991):
Peyton specified no source for this information.
Below is a passage from page 102 of the book shown in C.N. 4105 (in ‘A Chess Problem’, which is Chapter 11 of The Big Four):
A new website not to be missed: Keenipedia.
Regarding the Lasker bust, Martin Weissenberg (Savyon, Israel) forwards the front cover of the November 1996 issue of the Israeli magazine Shakhmat and comments:
From Christian Sánchez (Rosario, Argentina) comes a combinational finish by Samuel Rosenthal which was given in the chess column of Gastón Pedro Dubox on page 52 of the 11 March 1939 issue of Caras y Caretas:
We can add that it was one of two specimens of Rosenthal’s play shown on page 149 of La Stratégie, 15 May 1884:
The blindfold game: 1 e4 e6 2 d4 d5 3 Nc3 Bb4 4 exd5 exd5 5 Nf3 Nf6 6 Bd3 Be6 7 O-O Bxc3 8 bxc3 h6 9 Ba3 b6 10 Re1 Nbd7 11 Rxe6+ fxe6 12 Bg6 mate.
From Karsten Müller (Hamburg, Germany):
On page 26 of the April 2004 Chess Life Larry Evans wrote:
In reality, the famous quip was made by Kasparov during the Manila Olympiad in June 1992, long before the Short v Timman Candidates’ final (which ended on 30 January 1993). From page 462 of Garry Kasparov on Garry Kasparov Part II: 1985-1993 (London, 2013):
In an interview with Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam (see page 54 of the 5/1992 New in Chess) Short light-heartedly dismissed Kasparov’s remark (which he gave as ‘It will be Short and it will be short’).
An article by G.H. Diggle from the July 1982 Newsflash which was given on page 84 of Chess Characters (Geneva, 1984):
Further to Garry Kasparov’s candidacy for President of FIDE, it is likely that statements about aliens attributed to Kirsan Ilyumzhinov will often be seen over the coming months. From an article by Dylan Loeb McClain in the New York Times, 28 October 2013:
This is the only time that we intend to quote a second-hand version. Wanted: Ilyumzhinov’s own words on the subject, whether in writings, speeches or interviews, and preferably in the original language. Can readers help us to build up a file of exact quotes and references?
From page 189 of Master Chess by Lodewijk Prins (London, 1950):
From page 102 of CHESS, April 1941:
The game given (1 Nf3 d5 2 e4 dxe4 3 Ne5 g6 4 d4 exd3 5 Bxd3 Bg7 6 Nxf7 Kxf7 7 Bxg6+ Resigns) recalls the miniature (1 d4 Nf6 2 c4 e5 3 dxe5 Ng4 4 a3 d6 5 exd6 Bxd6 6 g3 Nxf2 7 White resigns) discussed in a number of items, including C.N. 7771.
We seek information about N. Instone Brewer and any game-scores involving Stacey and Landau. They met in the Premier Reserves (Section I) at Hastings, 1935-36 (BCM, February 1936, page 52), but the moves have not been found.
As regards the novel Lost Battle by Stephen Graham (London, 1934), we have an inscribed copy:
Chess is mentioned in the first paragraph and regularly throughout the book. There are many references to old players, and Blackburne in particular. Two sample pages:
Copyright: Edward Winter. All rights reserved.